botan riceDONATE botany

Botanical name (English) [ IPA: bəˈtænɪkəl ˈneɪm ASM: বটানিকেল নেম]
Contributed by: Michel H. Porcher on 2012-03-07
1. (Abstract Noun) These are the official names of plants recognized in every country in every language. However there is not a matching name in every language because some plants do not occur in some parts of the world, although some common names are often constructed. For example if only a "x" exist, a "sweet x", or a "bitter x", or a "dwarf x" can be constructed in any language to match the corresponding botanical names. The language used for scientific names is Botanical Latin; a mixture of pure Latin, romanized Greek and other romanized Asian names , sometimes latinized but not always. The correct bot. name for a species must have 2 words the generic name (genus name) and the specific epithet (species name. The first starts with a capital letter but not the second. These two words are followed by the name(s) of the authority(ies)who have given the name to a plant. Usually these are abbreviated. There are international rules that dictate how those names must be abbreviated, however it is not wrong to spell the full name(s). The most well known authority is Linnaeus, abbreviated as L. If a second authority has confirmed the name it becomes (L.) Fiori for example. When a plant is a cross between 2 or more species (Hybrid) a little is inserted between the generic name and the epithet, examples: Citrus x paradisi Macfad. (the true grapefruit). The Asian grapefruit or Pommelo is Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. কোনো জন্তু বা উদ্ভিদৰ প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত বিজ্ঞানসন্মত নাম যাক সকলো দেশত সকলো ভাষাত ব্যৱহাৰ কৰা হয়৷ এই নামবোৰ লেটিন, গ্ৰীক আৰু কেতিয়াবা কোনো এচীয় ভাষাৰ পৰা লোৱা শব্দৰে গঠিত হয়৷