particleParticle Physics

particle accelerator (English) [ IPA: ˈpɑrtɪkəl ɪkˈseləˌreɪtər ASM: পাৰ্টিকল এচিলাৰেটৰ]
Contributed by: Aklantika Saikia on 2011-08-08
1. Physics(Material Noun-Neuter) A particle accelerator is a scientific instrument which accelerates charged particles such as protons, electrons, deuterons. This acceleration is achieved by using focused magnetic fields to route the beam of particles through a sealed vacuum chamber. The exact design of the beam's path and magnetic configuration determines the type of particle accelerator - cyclotron, synchrotron, betatron, tandem electrostatic accelerators, etc. A particle accelerator is "a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles." This definition makes clear an important aspect of why particle accelerators exist - to increase the kinetic energy of particles and, therefore, the kinetic energy transformed into other energy forms during the collisions of these particles. আধানযুক্ত কণিকা যেনে প্ৰ’টন, ইলেকট্ৰণ, ডিউটেৰণ আদিক বিদ্যুত্‍-চুম্বকীয় ক্ষেত্ৰৰ জৰিয়তে ৰুদ্ধ-দ্বাৰৰ শূণ্য কোঠাত উচ্চ গতি শক্তি প্ৰদান কৰা এবিধ বৈজ্ঞানিক যন্ত্ৰ৷আণৱিক কণিকাৰ গঠন সম্পৰ্কে জানিবলৈ এই যন্ত্ৰৰ ব্যৱ্হাৰ কৰা হয়৷